rough

rough
[[t]rʌ̱f[/t]]
♦♦♦
rougher, roughest, roughs, roughing, roughed
1) ADJ-GRADED If a surface is rough, it is uneven and not smooth.

His hands were rough and calloused, from years of karate practice...

Grace made her way slowly across the rough ground.

Ant:
Derived words:
roughness N-UNCOUNT

She rested her cheek against the roughness of his jacket.

2) ADJ-GRADED You say that people or their actions are rough when they use too much force and not enough care or gentleness.

Rugby's a rough game at the best of times...

They have complained of discrimination and occasional rough treatment.

Ant:
Derived words:
roughly ADV-GRADED

A hand roughly pushed him aside.

roughness N-UNCOUNT

He regretted his roughness.

3) ADJ-GRADED A rough area, city, school, or other place is unpleasant and dangerous because there is a lot of violence or crime there.

It was quite a rough part of our town.

4) ADJ-GRADED: usu ADJ n If you say that someone has had a rough time, you mean that they have had some difficult or unpleasant experiences.

All women have a rough time in our society...

Tomorrow, he knew, would be a rough day.

Syn:
5) ADJ-GRADED: v-link ADJ If you feel rough, you feel ill. [BRIT, INFORMAL]

The virus won't go away and the lad is still feeling a bit rough.

Syn:
6) ADJ-GRADED: usu ADJ n A rough calculation or guess is approximately correct, but not exact.

We were only able to make a rough estimate of how much fuel would be required...

As a rough guide, a horse needs 2.5 per cent of his body weight in food every day.

Syn:
Derived words:
roughly ADV-GRADED ADV with cl/group

Gambling and tourism pay roughly half the entire state budget...

The Ukraine is roughly equal to France in size and population.

...a period of very roughly 30 million years.

7) ADJ-GRADED If you give someone a rough idea, description, or drawing of something, you indicate only the most important features, without much detail.

I've got a rough idea of what he looks like...

It often helps to make a rough sketch showing where the vehicles were.

Derived words:
roughly ADV-GRADED ADV with cl/group, ADV after v

He knew roughly what was about to be said...

Roughly speaking, a scientific humanist is somebody who believes in science and in humanity but not in God.

8) ADJ-GRADED You can say that something is rough when it is not neat and well made.

The bench had a rough wooden table in front of it.

...chairs set in a rough circle in the middle of the room.

Derived words:
roughly ADV-GRADED ADV with v

Roughly chop the tomatoes and add them to the casserole.

...houses, roughly painted white or blue.

9) ADJ-GRADED If the sea or the weather at sea is rough, the weather is windy or stormy and there are very big waves.

A fishing vessel and a cargo ship collided in rough seas.

Syn:
Ant:
10) ADV: ADV after v When people sleep or live rough, they sleep out of doors, usually because they have no home. [BRIT]

It makes me so sad when I see young people begging or sleeping rough on the streets.

11) VERB If you have to rough it, you have to live without the possessions and comforts that you normally have.

[V it] You won't be roughing it; each room comes equipped with a telephone and a 3-channel radio.

12) rough justicesee justice
Phrasal Verbs:

English dictionary. 2008.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rough — Rough, a. [Compar. {Rougher}; superl. {Roughest}.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. {Rug}, n.] 1. Having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — [ruf] adj. [ME ruh, rugh < OE ruh, akin to Ger rauh < IE * reuk < base * reu , to tear, tear out (> RUG, ROTTEN): prob. basic sense “hairy, woolly”] 1. a) not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven [a rough surface]… …   English World dictionary

  • rough — adj 1 Rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous are comparable when they mean not having a smooth or even surface, exterior, or texture. Rough, the usual and comprehensive word, basically applies to whatever may be said to have a surface or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • rough — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level. 2) not gentle; violent or boisterous: rough treatment. 3) (of weather or the sea) wild and stormy. 4) lacking sophistication or refinement. 5) not finished tidily; plain… …   English terms dictionary

  • rough — [rʌf] adjective 1. a rough figure or amount is not exact: • It is possible to give here only very rough figures. • I can only give you a rough estimate at this stage. 2. not finished: • a rough draft of the report 3 …   Financial and business terms

  • rough — [ rɶf ] n. m. • 1932; mot angl. « raboteux, grossier » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Golf Partie d un terrain de golf non entretenue. 2 ♦ Ébauche, projet, dans les arts graphiques. Faire des roughs. ● rough nom masculin (anglais rough, terrain accidenté) Terrain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rough — Rough, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — rough, roughen Rough is used as a verb chiefly in the expressions to rough it (= do without basic comforts), to rough out (= to make a sketch of), to rough up (= to attack). Otherwise the verb from rough, meaning ‘to make or become rough’ is… …   Modern English usage

  • Rough — Rough, n. 1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] Fletcher. [1913 Webster] 2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. [1913 Webster] {In the rough}, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rough — may refer to:* Roughness * Rough, the area outside the fairway in golf * Rough (manga) * Rough (facility), gas storage in England * Rough (Tina Turner Album) …   Wikipedia

  • rough — [adj1] uneven, irregular asperous, bearded, brambly, bristly, broken, bumpy, bushy, chapped, choppy, coarse, cragged, craggy, cross grained, disheveled, fuzzy, hairy, harsh, jagged, knobby, knotty, nappy, nodular, not smooth, ridged, rocky,… …   New thesaurus

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